Haatim also known as Raa Hatimu (People of Haatim) are a Benaadiri/Bravenese clan from southern coastal cities of Barawa, Marka, Kismayo and Mogadishu, they can also be found in the hinterland towns in the inter-riverine of Somalia and further down the Swahili coast. The Haatim clan are synonymous with the town they first settled in, Barawa and make up one of the groups part of the “todobo Tol” (roughly translates to 7 clans) of Barawa.
The Hatimis trace their ancestry to a man called Hatim Ta’iyy, a famous Pre-Islamic poet who lived in the 6th century, most notably the ancestor of the famous Sufi shaykh Ibn Arabi. The Haatim along the Banadir coast first settled in Barawa, and all Haatim in Somalia trace their ancestry to Mohamed bin Muslim bin Sabit bin Cali bin ‘Abdullahi at-Tani, who is said to have arrived in Barawa in 600 AH. From there different branches of Haatim moved to different cities along the Benaadir and Swahili coast and to the hinterlands.
In Marka they are made up of 5 sub clans which are: Reer Ahmed Shariif, the Reer Haaji Hassan, the Reer ‘Ismaan Nuuri, the Reer Jeenis, and the Reer Diini. It’s said that they moved to the city sometime during the 18th century and are part of the local confederacy called the 12 Koofi.
In Mogadishu there is one indigenous sub clan called the Abakaaro from the ancient Shingani quarter. However, due to it being the capital, many Hatimis from Barawa, Marka and other southern villages had moved there post independence. According to locals on the Swahili coast, the Haatimi moved to Pate from Yemen via Brava around the sixteenth century to teach the Quran and religion. In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the Hatimi settled the towns of the central (Mrima) coast, where they took the name Shonvi or Jomvu.
According to historical accounts, they also established and built the small town in called Mzizima, which is now the modern day Darusalam in Tanzania, a major city and commercial port in the Indian Ocean.
- Sheikh Nureini Sabiri (Scholar from Barawa)
- Abastide bint Mohamed b. Sheikh wa Abba (Female Scholar from Barawa)
- Sheikh Muhammad Alhaadi
- Sheikh Nurien Imam
- Menye Qassim bin Mohamed b. Sheikh wa Abba
- Fatima bint Mustafa
- Adam, Anita. Benadiri People of Somalia with Particular Reference to the Reer Hamar of Mogadishu. pp. 107–108.
- Pouwels, Randall. Eastern Africa and the Indian Ocean to 1800: Reviewing Relations in Historical Perspective. p. 419.
- “Refugee Status Appeals Authority New Zealand: Refugee Appeal No 76062”(PDF). Refworld. UNHCR. 15 October 2007.
- Declich, Francesca. Translocal Connections across the Indian Ocean (African Social Studies) (English and Swahili Edition) (Swahili) Paperback – June 28, 2018. p. 55.
- Ahmed, Hassan. La città di Marka, i Bimaal e il dominio sulla costa somala. p. 58.
- Prins, A.H.J. The Swahili-Speaking Peoples of Zanzibar and the East African Coast. pp. 82–83.
- Pouwels, Randall (2002). “Eastern Africa and the Indian Ocean to 1800: Reviewing Relations in Historical Perspective”. The International Journal of African Historical Studies. 35 (2/3): 419. JSTOR3097619.
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