Sh.Hassan

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The Banadir and Ancient Yemen

In this transcribed oral history recorded originally from a Bajuni Shaykh, we learn of a story that details the origin of many towns on the Banadir as well as the Swahili coast. Introduction The author is Shaykh Fāḍil bin ʿUmar al-Bawrī from Pate Island in Kenya which is close to the border with Somalia. The text is the Kawkab Al Durriya li Akhbār Ifrīqiya (The Sparkling Stars of the History of Africa) written in 1913. Included is the exploits of some Tubbas (Kings) of ancient Himyar – archeological research does in fact show a Pre-Islamic Arab presence in the region. There lies

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Shaykh Qassim and Barawa’s Islamic response to Italian Missionaries

Barawa has long been a hub of the Qadiriya Sufi tariqa and was a preeminent centre of ‘ilm and scholarship in Somalia. With the advent of European colonialism the Italians occupied the Banadir coast and soon formed ‘Italian Somaliland’ in 1889. Missionaries opened a school in Barawa in 1908 and began to directly target the youth for conversion. Response This provocation would not go unanswered by the great Shaykhs of the city most notably Shaykh Qassim Muhiyiddin Maie Umar also known as Qassim bin Muhyi al Barawi. He would lead the pushback to this blatant attempt to convert the people

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The Portuguese on the Swahili and Banadir Coasts

The Portuguese arrival in the Indian Ocean in the 1490s paved way for a power struggle in who controlled the ocean, major changes into the monopolisation of the ocean was when they came into contact with the Banadir ports. Trade and strife would set a heavy dent on the interaction they had until their expulsion from the region. This article will seek to tell the story of the Portuguese from their own perspective and sources. The Arrival of the Portuguese During his voyage to India 1497-1499, the legendary Portuguese explorer and first Viceroy of Portuguese India, Vasco da Gama described his

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